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# Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depend on the distance between them

### SC.912.P.12.4 - Describe how the gravitational force ..

• The Law of Universal Gravitation states that gravitational forces act on all objects irrespective of their size and position. D. Gases consist of great numbers of molecules moving in all directions. The behavior of gases can be modeled by the kinetic molecular theory. E. Chemical reaction rates change with conditions under which they occur
• The gravitational force of attraction between two objects is x. Keeping the masses of the objects unchanged, if the distance between the objects is halved, then the magnitude of gravitational force between them will become: (a) Value of gravitational constant depends neither on mass of two objects nor on distance between them
• The inverse relationship between the force of gravity and the distance between two objects is based on the square of that distance. This means that if the distance is doubled, the gravitational force is decreased by a factor of 4. This is because the square of 2 is 2 x 2, which equals 4

The strength of the gravitational force between two objects depends on two factors, mass and distance. the force of gravity the masses exert on each other. increases, the force of gravity decreases. If the distance is doubled, the force of gravity is one-fourth as strong as before Gravitational force F between two objects is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them, i.e., When the distance between two objects is doubled, the force becomes one-fourth of its original value

Gravitational force F between two objects is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. When the distance between two objects is doubled, the force becomes one-fourth of its original value. The force that binds us to the earth Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between them. Categories; Ask a Question; Learn; Ask a Question. Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between them. 0 votes . 43 views. asked Jul 8, 2020 in Physics by Amrita01 (49.5k points) closed Jul 8, 2020 by. The force of gravity between two objects is determined by the mass of each object and the distance between their centers. Objects with a greater amount of mass will exert a greater degree of gravitational pull, but as the distance between two objects increases, the gravitational force between them lessens The gravitational force between two objects can decrease when the mass is decreased, and/or when the distance between the two objects is decreased. If neptune's mass were reduced, what could be done to maintain the same force of gravitational attraction between Neptune and the sun

The gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance beween them. f = G m1 m2 / d2 where m1 and m2 are the masses, d is the distance between them and G is the. welcome to leto q a video i am vineeth your lido tutor bringing you this question on your screen ex describe how the gravitational force between objects and the distance between them now we know that the gravitational force between two objects is given by the product of their masses by the square of the distance between them therefore we can say that f is inversely proportional to the square.

The gravitational force between two objects increases as mass A. decreases or distance decreases The strength of the gravitational force between two objects depends on two factors, mass and distance. the force of gravity the masses exert on each other. If one of the masses is doubled, the force of gravity between the objects is doubled. increases, the force of gravity decreases. Why do things with mass have gravity

### Describe how the gravitational force between two objects

• The distance between two objects experiencing the gravitational force are in inverse relationship in proportionality. That is, when distance between two increases, strength of gravitational force decreases, and vice versa. If the one of the mass is doubled, force of gravity also doubles and if it increases, force of gravity also increases
• The gravitational force between two massive spheres a. is always an attraction. b. depends on how massive they are. c. depends inversely on the square of the distances between them. d. all of the abov
• Correct answers: 2 question: 3. The gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between the objects and each object's: A. Mass B. Pressure C. Volume D. Temperatur

Newton's Universal Law of Gravitation The Gravitational Force or Newton Gravity or even the gravitational force between two objects Fg is always attractive and depends only on the distance and the masses involved between them. Every object present in the universe attracts every other object with force on a line joining them describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between them rn plzz asnwer - Science - Gravitation force between two objects depends on the distance between them. rn. plzz asnwer. Share with your friends. Share 0. F = G (m 1 m 2)/r 2. 0 ; View Full Answer v hv 2 briefly describe it... 0 inversely. General Formula for Gravitational Force Suppose M1 and M2 be the masses of the two bodies, and R be the distance of separation between their centers. The following equation gives the gravitational force between the two objects. F = G M1 M2 / d2 (1 Distance between the objects is tripled i.e r ′ = 3 r ∴ F ′ = ( 3 r ) 2 G m 1 m 2 F ′ = 9 F Thus gravitational force gets reduced by 9 times

The gravitational force between two objects is proportional to their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. Click to see full answer Hereof, is the gravitational attraction between two objects of the same magnitude for each object Gravitational Force The Force of Gravity between any two objects depends only upon: The masses of the two objects: . More massive objects exert a stronger the gravitational force.. The distance between them: . The force gets stronger as the two objects move closer together.. The force gets weaker as the two objects move farther apart.. It does not depend on the shapes, colors, or compositions. So as two objects are separated from each other, the force of gravitational attraction between them also decreases. If the separation distance between two objects is doubled (increased by a factor of 2), then the force of gravitational attraction is decreased by a factor of 4 (2 raised to the second power)

### How Does the Force of Gravity Change With Distance

• When the distance between them is reduced to half 2 gravitational force acts on all objects in proportion to their masses why then a heavy object does not fall faster than a light object? Therefore when the distance between the objects is reduced to half, then the force of gravitation increases by four times the original force
• The force of gravity depends on the size (mass) of an object. The bigger the object, the stronger the force of gravity. The force of gravity will also depend on how close or far apart one object is from another. For example, if two objects are close together, the force of gravity is greater than if they were farther apart
• If, for example, we triple the distance between two objects, the gravitational force between them drops, not by three times, but by three times three times, or nine times. Newton summarized the relationship between the strength of gravitation pull and these three factors in this equation: F g = G M 1 M 2 / (D 12)
• Gravitational force is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the masses. More the distance, less the gravitational force; less the distance, more is the gravitational force. This is how gravitational force between two objects is dependent on the distance
• Published in category Physics, 14.09.2020 >> . Describe how the gravitational force between 2 objects depends on the mass of the objects and the distance between them. your answe
• This relationship was first published by Sir Issac Newton. His law of universal gravitation says that the force (F) of gravitational attraction between two objects with Mass1 and Mass2 at distance D is: F = G(mass1*mass2)/D squared. (G is the gravitational constant, which has the same value throughout our universe.
• Q31. Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on the distance between them. Answer: The gravitational force F between the two bodies of masses M and m is kept at a distance d from each other such that:; F = G (m.M/d 2

(B) describe and calculate how the magnitude of the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between their centers. Section Key Terms Einstein's theory of general relativit The distance between the centers of mass of two objects affects the gravitational force between them, so the force of gravity on an object is smaller at the equator compared to the poles. This effect alone causes the gravitational acceleration to be about 0.18% less at the equator than at the poles The force of gravity depends directly upon the masses of the two objects, and inversely on the square of the distance between them. This means that the force of gravity increases with mass, but decreases with increasing distance between objects Objects with a greater amount of mass will exert a greater degree of gravitational pull, but as the distance between two objects increases, the gravitational force between them lessens. The significance of distance with regard to large masses, such as planets, plays an important role in the science of Astronomy. The relationship between mass. Key Concepts and Summary. Gravity, the attractive force between all masses, is what keeps the planets in orbit. Newton's universal law of gravitation relates the gravitational force to mass and distance: F gravity = GM 1M 2 R2 F gravity = G M 1 M 2 R 2. The force of gravity is what gives us our sense of weight

Gravitational force between two bodies varies inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. Hence, gravitational force is an inverse square force. The gravitational forces between two bodies or objects form an action-reaction pair. If object A attracts object B with a force F 1 and the object B attracts object A with a. Show transcribed image text 82. Gravitational force The magnitude of the gravitational force between two objects of mass M and m is given by F(x) =-GMm/x^2 , where x is the distance between the centers of mass of the objects and G = 6.7 X 10^-11..

### 31. Describe how the gravitational force between two ..

• The gravitational force between two objects is F. If masses of both objects are halved without changing distance between them, then the gravitational force would become: Medium. View solution. Which of the following is also called Universal law of gravitation? Easy. View solution
• From looking at the two force equations, you can see the similarities and how gravitational force can be considered parallel to the force between two charges. Besides being proportional to the inverse of the square of the separation, both forces extend to infinity. They also both travel at the speed of light. Differences. One major difference.
• Where, F is the force, \(m_1\) and \(m_2\) are masses of the objects interacting r is the distance between the center of the masses; G is the gravitational constant (6.674×10 −11 m 3 ⋅kg −1 ⋅s −2); This equation gives the magnitude of the force and since it is an attractive force it will always be directed towards the other object
• The doubling of the separation distance (measured from the center) between two objects will halve the gravitational force between the objects. It an object is placed two earth-radii above the surface of the earth, then the force of gravitational attraction between the object and the earth will be one-fourth the magnitude as on earth's surface
• The gravitational force between two objects depends on their separation, being weaker the farther apart the objects are. Newton discovered the mathematical expression for the force of gravity and showed it has the following form. Force of gravity = constant x Mm/r 2, Where M and m are the masses and r is their separation. The constant is called.
• Mass of Object 1 Mass of Object 2 (kg) Gravitational Force (kg) (N) 1 x 1020 1 x 1020 1 x 100 G 3 x 1020 1 x 1020 3 x 100 G 2 x 1020 2 x 1020 4 x 100 G 3 x 1020 4 x 1020 12 x 1040 G c) Use the table to explain how the masses of Objects 1 and 2 relate to the gravitational force between them. Be sure to: D Describe the scenario
• The more massive the objects, the greater the gravitational force between them. The gravitational force is affected by mass and distance. The closer two bodies are, the greater the gravitational.

### How the gravitational force between two objects depends on

• The force of gravity depends directly upon the masses of the two objects, and inversely on the square of the distance between them. How does the force of gravitation between two objects change when the distance is doubled? According to the universal law ofgravitation,the magnitude of gravitational force between 2 objects is inversely.
• The strength of the force depends on both the amount of charge that each object contains and the distance between the two charges. Coulomb's Law is a mathematical equation
• answer choices. The gravitational force between two objects depends on the shapes of the objects. The gravitational force between two objects depends on the masses of the objects. The gravitational force between two objects will decrease if the volume of either object is increased
• Two objects with masses m 1 and m 2 that have a distnace r between their centers attract each other with a force equal to where G is the Gravitational Constant equal to 6.672x10 -11 Nm 2 /kg 2 Activity #1: Round and Round They Go
• The Law of Universal Gravitation says that the gravitational force exerted between any two objects with mass depends on the mass of the two objects and the distance between them

According to Newton's Inverse square law, the gravitational force of attraction between them is directly proportional to the product of their masses and is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. The value of Universal Gravitational Constant is given by G = 6.674 × 10 -11 m 3 ⋅kg -1 ⋅s -2 in SI units 1. Gravity acts between any two objects, magnetism only between some. 2. Gravity is always attractive, magnetism is sometimes repulsive. 3. At large distances the gravitational force falls off inversely with the distance squared. The magnetic force falls off at large distances at least as fast as inversely with the distance to the fourth power. 4 gravity - gravity - Interaction between celestial bodies: When two celestial bodies of comparable mass interact gravitationally, both orbit about a fixed point (the centre of mass of the two bodies). This point lies between the bodies on the line joining them at a position such that the products of the distance to each body with the mass of each body are equal Newton's Law of Gravitation. Newton's law of gravitation can be expressed as. →F 12 = G m1m2 r2 ^r12 F → 12 = G m 1 m 2 r 2 r ^ 12. where →F 12 F → 12 is the force on object 1 exerted by object 2 and ^r12 r ^ 12 is a unit vector that points from object 1 toward object 2. As shown in Figure, the →F 12 F → 12 vector points from. Gravity is the force responsible for creating stable elliptical orbits due to the constant gravitational force between the object and the Sun to keep them in orbit. The two things that control gravity are mass and distance. The further away you are from the centre of Earth, the weaker the gravity of Earth

The variation of force with distance from the centre of the Earth is shown in the diagram. Remember that two objects attract each other with equal-sized forces acting in opposite directions. g and G. Newton's law of gravitation can be used to work out the value of the force between any two objects 1.The gravitational acceleration, g depends on the distance, r, between the object and the earth's center of mass. 2.Equation (1) can be generalized for the gravitational force between two objects with masses m and M, for which M E in eqn. (1) is replaced by M and the distance r represents the distance between the centers of mass of the two. Answer: If the distance is increased by a factor of 2, then distance squared will increase by a factor of 4. Thus, the inverse square law implies that the force will be 1/4 of the original 16 units. Therefore, the force of gravity becomes 4 units. 2. Suppose the distance in question 1 is tripled F = Force of Gravity between two objects. G = 6.67408 × 10-11 m 3 kg-1 s-2 (CONSTANT) m1 = mass of object 1. m2 = mass of object 2. r = distance. the relationship was used to describe the attractive force between the sun and the planets where r is a line drawn through the center of the two bodies

An object's gravitational potential is due to its position relative to the surroundings within the Earth-object system. The force applied to the object is an external force, from outside the system. When it does positive work it increases the gravitational potential energy of the system. Because gravitational potential energy depends on. 30 seconds. Q. A student drops a bowling ball and an apple from a third-story window. Both objects hit the ground at the same time. From the experiment, the student should conclude that. answer choices. the apple weighs more than the bowling ball. more air friction is acting on the apple than on the bowling ball Therefore, the greater the mass of the objects and the closer they are to each other, the greater the gravitational attraction between them (Ross, D.A. 1995). Tidal forces are based on the gravitational attractive force. With regard to tidal forces on the Earth, the distance between two objects usually is more critical than their masses gravitational forces depends on the distance between the objects. SEP Planning and Carrying Out Investigations Describe the phenomenon under investigation of an electric current causing a magnetic field and a changing magnetic field causing an electric current

What happens to the gravitational force between two objects when the distance between them is: (i) doubled? (ii) halved 7. Whenever objects fall towards the Earth under gravitational force alone, we say that objects are in 8. The force with which a body is attracted towards the Earth 10. Force of gravitation due to Earth is called 11. Nature of gravitational force is always Down 1. Force between two bodies due to their masses 2. Thrust on unit area 6. Mass per. Electric, magnetic, and gravitational forces between a pair of objects do not require that the objects be in contact—for example, magnets push or pull at a distance. The sizes of the forces in each situation depend on the properties of the objects and their distances apart and, for forces between two magnets, on their orientation relative to. I can DESCRIBE gravitational force. Law of Gravitation: any two masses exert an attractive force on each other. The attractive force depends on the mass of the two objects and the distance between them. FOUR BASIC FORCES 1. Gravity 2. Electromagnetic Force 3. Strong Nuclear Force 4. Weak Nuclear Force Gravity is a long-range force The Universal Gravitation Equation is: F = GMm/R2. where. F is the force of attraction between two objects in newtons (N) G is the Universal Gravitational Constant = 6.674*10 −11 N-m 2 /kg 2. M and m are the masses of the two objects in kilograms (kg) R is the separation in meters (m) between the objects, as measured from their centers of mass

The basic difference between gravitational and electrostatic force is that:Gravitational force is the force by which earth attracts other objects by mass. It is a conservative force. While electrostatic force is the force of an object due to charge. It is also conservative force. These two forces belong to the four fundamental forces of nature There is a direct relationship between the masses of either body and the gravitational force exerted between them. But the distance between the bodies represents an inverse relationship to the force of gravity. [math]F = G * m1 * m2 / r^2[/math] W.. The gravitational force between two objects is proportional to the inverse square of the distance between the centers of gravity of the two objects 2 PHYS253 Chapter 7 According to Newton's law of universal gravitation, any two objects exert gravitational forces on each other that are proportional to the masses (m1 and m 2) of the two objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance (r) between their centers.universal gravitational The sizes of the forces in each situation depend on the properties of the objects and their distances apart and, for forces between two magnets, on their orientation relative to each other. The gravitational force of Earth acting on an object near Earth's surface pulls that object toward the planet's center

* Compare and contrast gravitational force vectors as mass and distance are changed. (Explorations 1, 2, and 3) * Discover how changes in the distance between two objects affects the gravitational force between them. (Explorations 1, 2, and 3) * Describe how changes in the masses of two objects affects the gravitational force between them Gravity - 8TH GRADE SCIENCE. Tides and planetary orbits are caused by the pull of gravity. Effects of Mass and Distance on Gravitational Force. The more massive an object, the greater it's gravitational pull. The closer the distance between objects, the greater the gravitational pull 4. If the distance between two objects doubles, then the gravitational force acting between them would be one half the original force (True False) 5. Pressure at the bottom of a lake depends on the density of the lake and on the volume of the lake (True False) 6 Gravitational force = (G * m1 * m2) / (d2) Gravitational force = (G * m1 * m2) / (d 2) where G is the gravitational constant, m1 and m2 are the masses of the two objects for which you are calculating the force, and d is the distance between the centers of gravity of the two masses. G has the value of 6.67 x 10E-8 dyne * cm 2 /gm 2. So if you.

### Describe how the gravitational force between two object

1. tripled and the distance between the two objects' centers is doubled, then the new force of attraction (8 N Use the gravitational force equation to fiU-iR4ke-4e44ew4*e-table (G = 6.673 x 10-11 N.m2/ kg2)
2. universal force of attraction between objects and that this force depends on their masses and distance apart •describe how weight is different on different planets •give examples of the use of artificial satellites. •recognise that weight is less on the Moon •describe gravitational attraction as a force which acts throughout the Solar.
3. Gravitational force is one of the four fundamental forces and is directly proportional to the masses of the bodies and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the bodies. Gravity was the first force to be investigated scientifically. The gravitational force was described systematically by Isaac Newton in the 17th century
4. es an object's weight. b) Weight is an unchanging measure of an object's mass. c) The weight and mass of an object are the same. d) An object's weight is not related to its mass. Two students push on a box in the same direction, and one pushes in the opposite direction. What is the net force on the box if each.

Newton's gravitational law, #F_G = (GMm)/r^2# #F_G =# Force of gravity between two objects #G = # Universal Gravitational constant #M =# mass of first object #m = # mass of second object #r = # distance between the object's centers of mass So force of gravity is directly proportional to mass of object. If you double the mass of something, gravity acts with twice as much force on it Where F is the force of gravity, m1 and m2 are the masses of two objects and r is the distance between them. G, the gravitational constant, is a fundamental constant whose value has to be. gravitational force between two objects depends on their distance between them because gravitational force is almost like a force of attraction and as the distance increases this force always decreases The gravitational force is relatively simple. It is always attractive, and it depends only on the masses involved and the distance between them. Stated in modern language, Newton's universal law of gravitation states that every particle in the universe attracts every other particle with a force along a line joining them. The force is directly. How does the force of gravitation between two objects change when the distance between them is reduced to half? Answer: According to Universal law of gravitation, the force of attraction between 2 bodies is:-F = (G m 1 m 2)/r 2. Where m 1 m 2 = the masses of the two bodies, r = distance between them. G = gravitational Constan

### How Do Mass and Distance Affect the Force of Gravity

Gravitational constant is the force of gravitation between two bodies each with a mass of 1kg placed at a distance of 1m apart. Calculate the gravitational force between two masses of 10 kg and 20 kg if they are at 10 meter distance. Here, Mass of one body (m 1 )= 10 kg. Mass of second body (m 2) = 20 kg. Distance between them (d) = 10 meter G=Universal Gravitational Constant () m1 and m2 = Mass of two objects (Kg) r= separation in meters (m) between the objects, as measured from their centres of mass. Examples: Input: m1 = 20000000 kg m2 = 4000000 kg r = 15 m Output : The Gravitational Force is: 23.73 N Input: m1 = 5000000 kg m2 = 900000 kg r = 30 m Output : The Gravitational. 1. Two objects attract each other gravitationally. If the distance between their centers is cut in half, the gravitational force A) is cut to one fourth. B) is cut in half. C) doubles. D) quadruples 2. Two objects, with masses m1 and m2, are originally a distance r apart. The magnitude of the gravitational force between them is F Gravity is an attractive force that exists between any two objects in the universe. The force of attraction between two objects depends on the masses of the objects involved and on the distance between the objects. Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation quantifies this attractive force in an equation: F = G•m 1 •m 2 /d 2

The equation that describes the pull of gravity between two objects was discovered by Isaac Newton. It says that the force of attraction is proportional to the mass - double the mass and the force doubles. The force also depends on the distance. It is an inverse square law. It is inverse because when the distance gets larger, the force gets. Describe gravitational fields and the factors that affect the strength of gravitational force. Summary of Concept: Gravity is the attractive force between any two objects with mass. Therefore if one object is placed in the gravitational field of another object, gravity will pull those objects toward one another Gravity Force Lab (AP Physics) In this experiment, you will use a simulation to measure the gravitation force between two masses. You'll determine how the strength of the force of gravity depends on the two masses and the distance between them. You'll also determine a value for the Universal Gravitation constant, G. ‪Gravity Force Lab‬ The gravitational force is the force of attraction between objects in the universe. Question 41. In which direction does gravitational force act? Answer: The gravitational force acts along the line joining the centres of two objects. Question 42. (a) When a horse suddenly starts running, the rider falls backward. Give reason. Answer (ii) The gravitational force between two objects is F. If masses of both objects are halved without changing distance between them, then the gravitational force would become: (a) F/4 (b) F/2 (c) F (d) 2 F (iii) A boy is whirling a stone tied with a string in an horizontal circular path. If the string breaks, the stone

### Best Gravitational forces unit test

the force of gravity between two objects decreases as the distance between the two objects increases. true or false . Science. Fill in the blank- The gravitational force between two objects is proportional to the _____ of the masses of the objects. Physics. Two spherical objects are separated by a distance of 2.97 × 10-3 m The gravitational attraction between any two objects is therefore given by one of the most famous equations in all of science: F gravity = G M 1 M 2 R 2. F gravity = G M 1 M 2 R 2. where Fgravity is the gravitational force between two objects, M1 and M2 are the masses of the two objects, and R is their separation F g = gravitational force between two objects G = gravitational constant m 1 = mass of the first object (kg) m 2 = mass of the second object (kg) r = distance between objects (m) Gravitational Force Formula Questions: 1) Two satellites orbiting Earth pass close to each other. For a moment, they are 100 m apart

On the opposite side of the Earth, or the far side, the gravitational attraction of the moon is less because it is farther away. Here, inertia exceeds the gravitational force, and the water tries to keep going in a straight line, moving away from the Earth, also forming a bulge (Ross, D.A., 1995) The equation says that the force (F) between two objects is proportional to the product of their masses (m 1 and m 2), divided by the square of the distance between them The second factor which affects the gravitational force of attraction between objects is the distance between them. The further objects are away from each other, the smaller the gravitational force. There is a gravitational force of attraction between us and the Sun, but we do not notice it as we are so far apart, and we are very small From mechanics we know that, between two bodies, which are not in contact with each other, there is a small gravitational attraction force.. Between two objects with electrical charge, depending on the sign of the charges, positive or negative, the interaction force can be of attraction or repulsion.. Let's consider two electrical charges q 1 and q 2, separated by the distance r Lakhmir Singh solutions for Science Class 9 Physics chapter 3 (Gravitation) include all questions with solution and detail explanation. This will clear students doubts about any question and improve application skills while preparing for board exams. The detailed, step-by-step solutions will help you understand the concepts better and clear your confusions, if any

### describe-how-the-gravitational LID

9) I can describe gravitational force. * Gravitational Force - is an attractive force that acts between any two masses. Equation: Fg=mass*9.8 10) I can differentiate between mass and weight. * Mass - is a measure of the amount of matter. (the number of atoms that makes up an object) Mass is constant The gravitational force is an interaction between two objects with mass. For a falling ball, the two objects with mass are the Earth and the ball. The strength of this gravitational force is. where F is the gravitational force acting between two objects, m 1 and m 2 are the masses of the objects, r is the distance between the centers of their masses, and G is the gravitational constant. The first test of Newton's theory of gravitation between masses in the laboratory was the Cavendish experiment conducted by the British scientist.

### The gravitational force between two objects increases as

If the distance between two masses is doubled, gravitational attraction between them. If the distance between two masses is doubled, gravitational attraction between them ____ 8. The distance between two charges and is r, and the force between them is F. What is the force between them if the distance between them is doubled? a. F/ 4 c. 9F b. 4F d. F/9 ____ 9. Which of the following is true for the direction of an electric field? a. It is same as the direction of the force exerted on a negative test charge. b The famous equation F = G M 1 M 2 / r 2 gives the strength of the gravitational force, where M 1 and M 2 are point objects and r is the displacement between the two objects. In real life applications, they can be normal objects of any dimension and r is the displacement between the centers of gravity of the objects Similarities Between Electrostatic Force and Gravitational Force. 1. The strength of both forces depends on the distance. Both of the forces obey the inverse square law of distance. 2. Both the electrostatic force and the gravitational force are the central forces. i.e, they act along the line joining the centers of two interacting bodies. 3.