Anterior temporal diploic vein

Diploic vein, anterior temporal definition of diploic

  1. vein [vān] a vessel through which blood passes from various organs or parts back to the heart, in the systemic circulation carrying blood that has given up most of its oxygen. Veins, like arteries, have three coats: an inner coat (tunica intima), middle coat (tunica media), and outer coat (tunica externa); however, in veins these are less thick and.
  2. Anterior temporal diploic vein -. Vena diploica temporalis anterior. Anatomical hierarchy. General Anatomy > Cardiovascular system > Veins > Superior vena cava > Brachiocephalic vein > Internal jugular vein > Diploic veins > Anterior temporal diploic vein. Translations
  3. Define diploic vein, anterior temporal. diploic vein, anterior temporal synonyms, diploic vein, anterior temporal pronunciation, diploic vein, anterior temporal translation, English dictionary definition of diploic vein, anterior temporal. blood vessel; a natural channel; a body or stratum of ore: a rich vein of coal; a condition, mood, or.
  4. The frontal diploic vein empties the into supraorbital vein and superior sagittal sinus, the anterior temporal diploic vein flows into the sphenoparietal sinus and one of the deep temporal veins. The posterior temporal diploic vein drains into the transverse sinus
  5. vena diploica temporalis anterior [TA] anterior temporal diploic vein: a vein that drains the lateral portion of the frontal and the anterior part of the parietal bone, opening internally into the sphenoparietal sinus and externally into a deep temporal vein. Medical dictionary. 2011
  6. The diploic veins found in the anterior temporal region anastomose with the scalp veins and drain into the sphenoparietal sinus; those in the posterior temporal and parietal region anastomose with the transverse sinus via the mastoid foramen and those in the occipital region anastomose with the occipital scalp veins and deep cervical veins and drain into either the torcula or the sigmoid sinus (Curé et al., 1994)

Anterior temporal diploic vein - IMAIO

  1. The diploic veins drain this area into the dural venous sinuses. The four major trunks of the diploic veins found on each side of the head are frontal, anterior temporal, posterior temporal, and occipital diploic veins. Types of diploic veins The frontal, which opens into the supraorbital vein and the superior sagittal sinus
  2. The anterior temporal diploic vein, which is located mainly within frontal bone but also partly within parietal bone, drains inwards into sphenoparietal sinus and outward into deep temporal vein. The posterior temporal diploic vein, which is located in the diploe of parietal bone, connects the superior sagittal sinus with the transverse sinus..
  3. Diploic ones stay in the skull. Emissary veins are emissary — they go through and through the skull to end up in the soft tissues. When a diploic vein exits the skull it becomes an emissary vein. Above is a typical x-ray of diploic veins. Below is the same x-ray with arrows pointing to diploic veins
  4. The anterior temporal artery is usually a branch of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) that curves out of the Sylvian fissure and runs over the temporal lobe to supply the anterior third of the superior, middle and inferior temporal gyri.. Variant anatomy. The temporopolar artery, which supplies the temporal pole, usually arises separately from the M1 segment of MCA, however.
  5. vein with tributaries in spongy bone of posterior part of frontal and anterior part of parietal bones that penetrates inner table of bone of greater wing of sphenoid to enter sphenoparietal dural venous sinus or anterior deep temporal vein. Synonym (s): vena diploica temporalis anterior [TA] Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 201
  6. In adults, the diploic veins can be divided into three regions: the FDV with its major drainage near the supraorbital notch/foramen, the anterior temporal diploic vein (ATDV) draining near the pterion, and the posterior temporal diploic vein (PTDV) with drainage near the asterion . When present, the FDV runs near the superolateral aspect of the.
  7. The diploic veins (Fig. 564) occupy channels in the diploë of the cranial bones. They are large and exhibit at irregular intervals pouch-like dilatations; their walls are thin, and formed of endothelium resting upon a layer of elastic tissue

Diploic vein, anterior temporal - definition of diploic

Diploic veins - Anatom

The anterior temporal diploic vein is located mainly inside the frontal bone but also inside the parietal bone, draining into the sphenoparietal sinus and outward into the deep temporal vein. Vena diploica temporal posterior Synonyms for diploic vein, anterior temporal in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for diploic vein, anterior temporal. 63 synonyms for vein: blood vessel, mood, style, spirit. magnum.2,3 By contrast, a dAVF involving DVs located in artery (MMA) and drained into the anterior temporal di- the supratentorial cranium is extremely rare.1,2,7,12 A dAVF ploic vein (ATDV) (Fig. 2A and B). The DV reached the with this type of venous drainage caused intracerebral parietal convexity near the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) o Digital subtraction angiography revealed an arteriovenous shunt located in the region around the pterion, which connected the frontal branch of the right middle meningeal artery with the anterior temporal diploic vein and drained into cortical veins in a retrograde manner through the falcine vein

It drains into the cavernous sinus and receives tributaries from: - superficial middle cerebral vein - middle meningeal vein (frontal ramus) - anterior temporal diploic vein 25. BASILAR VENOUS PLEXUS • The basilar venous plexus lies between the endosteal and visceral layers of the dura on the inner surface of the clivus Also of potential significance is the diploic segment (temporal diploic vein) of the anteroparietal meningeal sinus, the embryologic precursor to the sinus of Breschet, which accompanies the anterior division of the middle meningeal artery and ultimately drains into the sphenoparietal sinus . The temporal diploic vein is likely to be especially. Clival diploic veins are veins that travel through the body of the clivus connecting intracranial venous structures on the inner surface of the skull (e.g. basilar venous plexus, inferior petrosal sinuses, marginal sinus, internal carotid artery venous plexus of Rektorzik, inferior petro-occipital vein and anterior condylar confluence) to veins on its anteroinferior surface 1 Superficial temporal vein, Anterior temporal diploic vein, Deep and superficial middle cerebral veins, Posterior temporal diploic vein, Middle meningeal artery and vein, Superficial temporal artery, Granular foveolar (indentation of skull by arachnoid granulation), Coronal view, Diploic and emissary veins of skull, Superior thalamostriate and.

Veins of head &neck /certified fixed orthodontic courses

It consists of the sinus of the lesser sphenoid wing and of the parietal portion of the frontal ramus of the middle meningeal vein. It drains into the cavernous sinus and receives tributaries from: superficial middle cerebral vein; middle meningeal vein (frontal ramus) anterior temporal diploic vein diploic veins 板障静脉. posterior temporal diploic vein [解剖] 颞后板障静脉. anterior temporal diploic vein [解剖] 颞前板障静脉. occipital diploic vein [解剖] 枕板障静脉. frontal diploic vein [解剖] 额板障静脉. 更多 Cranial sutures and superior temporal line (STL) have been left intact. B: Anterolateral view of the calvaria of a different specimen with diploic veins exposed. C and D: Anterior view of the calvaria of a third specimen, with diploic veins exposed and bilateral supraorbital craniotomies The anterior temporalThe anterior temporal diploic vein.diploic vein. 3.3. The posterior temporalThe posterior temporal diploic vein.diploic vein. 4.4. The occipital diploic veinThe occipital diploic vein TheThe emissary veinsemissary veins areare valveless veins whichvalveless veins which normally drain from the duralnormally drain from the. The sphenoparietal sinus receives venous blood from small veins of the adjacent dura mater and, occasionally, from the frontal ramus of the middle meningeal vein. The sphenoparietal sinus may also receive connecting rami from the superficial middle cerebral vein, temporal lobe veins, and the anterior temporal diploic vein

The anterior temporal diploic vein. The posterior temporal diploic vein. The occipital diploic vein The emissary The emissary veins are valveless veins which normally drain from the dural venous sinuses into veins that lie outside the skull. 1. The parietal emissary veins. 2. The mastoid emissary veins The frontal vein communicating between the supraorbital vein and the SSS, and the anterior temporal diploic vein tending to the sphenoparietal sinus are a few examples. Bridging veins from the dural venous sinuses to the cerebral and cerebellar cortical veins. Intermediate anastomotic veins. The 4 important anastomotic veins are: Vein of Trolar FIG.557- Veins of the head and neck. The veins of the head and neck may be subdivided into three groups: (1) The veins of the exterior of the head and face. (2) The veins of the neck. (3) The diploic veins, the veins of the brain, and the venous sinuses of the dura mater.: 1. The Veins of the Exterior of the Head and Face—The veins of the exterior of the head and face (Fig. 557) are 2 - anterior temporal diploic vein (sphenoparietal sinus) 3 - posterior temporal diploic vein (transverse sinus) 4 - occipital diploic vein (transverse sinus or confluence of sinuses or the occipital vein) Name the diploic veins and the sinus its associated with. 1 - condylar 2 - mastoid 3 - occipita

vena diploica temporalis anterio

diploic vein (v. diploica temporalis anterior), which is confined chiefly to the frontal bone, and opens into one of the deep temporal veins through an aperture in the greater wing of the sphenoid; (3) the posterior temporal vein (v. diploica temporalis posterior), which is situated in the parietal bone, and terminates i The frontal diploic vein is one of the most constant; it drains the anterior part Posterior tempore diploic veil Occipital diploic vein. Anterior temporal diploic vein — Frontal diploic vein Fig. 786.—The Veiss of the Diploe. of the frontal bone, and, passing through a small aperture in the upper margin of the supra-orbital notch. diploic: veins of dipoe of skull: frontal diploic, ant. & post. temporal diploic, occipital diploic are formed, draining to nearby veins or dural sinuses: bones of cranial vault: connect with dural sinuses & meningeal vs. dorsal venous arch of foot: dorsal digital vs. great saphenous medially, small saphenous laterally: dorsum of digits & foot. auricular veins. Diploic veins. Situated in the diploe, these endothelial-lined, large, thin-walled, venous lakes connect the internal meningeal veins and DVS with extracranial veins. They are concentrated in the cancellous bones. The frontal vein communicating between the supraorbital vein and the SSS, and the anterior temporal diploic vein. The Diploic Veins</BOLD> They consist of (1) the frontal, which opens into the supraorbital vein and the superior sagittal sinus; (2) the anterior temporal, which is confined chiefly to the frontal bone, and opens into the sphenoparietal sinus and into one of the deep temporal veins,.

There are several diploic veins. , including the frontal diploic vein, occipital diploic vein, anterior temporal diploic vein, and posterior temporal diploic vein. These comprise the veins of the skull. supratrochlear. These two veins begin high in the forehead and descend to the root of the nose. retromandibular The anterior medullary vein (AMV) is a vein of the brain stem that can be seen in a number of individuals. It connects the anterior spinal vein to the pontomesencephalic venous system and to several adjacent dural sinuses via bridging veins. Gro..

Diploic Veins - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

Anterior quadrangular lobule [H IV and H V] - Lobulus quadrangularis anterior [H IV et H V] Anterior ramus - Ramus anterior; Anterior temporal artery - Arteria temporalis anterior; Anterior temporal diploic vein - Vena diploica temporalis anterior; Anterolateral medullary vein - Vena medullaris anterolaterali Bridging Veins (BV) The bridging vein or veins normally refer to veins which traverse the prepontine cistern to connect veins which run on the anterior aspect of the brainstem to the cavernous sinus or the clival venous plexus. They are easily identified on both contrast MRI and catheter angiography

The prootic sinus contributes to the cavernous sinus, the sphenoparietal sinus , the meningeal sinus (eg, the emissary veins around the foramen ovale) , and the anterior parietal temporal diploic veins in the 3-month-old embryo . The superior orbital vein, which at first enters the prootic sinus, joins the cavernous sinus in the adult Anterior temporal (parietal) diploic vein, (frontal bone) pierces the greater wing of the sphenoid -sphenoparietal sinus or anterior deep temporal vein. Posterior temporal (parietal) diploic vein, (parietal bone) -transverse sinus through a foramen at the angle or mastoid foramen anterior temporal branch. anterior temporal diploic vein. anterior thalamic radiation. anterior thalamic tubercle. anterior thoracotomy. anterior tibial artery. anterior tibial bursa. anterior tibial compartment syndrome. anterior tibial lymph node. anterior tibial muscle

Diploic veins - Wikipedi

Entire posterior temporal diploic vein 405008: hierarchies: a selection of possible paths. SNOMED CT Concept 138875005 Body structure 123037004 Anatomical or acquired body structure 442083009 Anatomical structure 91723000 Body region structure 52530000 Regional. The draining point of the anterior temporal diploic vein (ATDV) was located in all pterional areas; the draining point of the posterior temporal diploic vein (PTDV) was located in all asterional areas. The PTDV was the dominant diploic vessel in all sides. The FDV and ATDV could be damaged during supraorbital, modified orbitozygomatic, and. Disclaimer. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only diploid cell: see meiosis meiosis. , process of nuclear division in a living cell by which the number of chromosomes is reduced to half the original number. Meiosis occurs only in the process of gametogenesis, i.e., when the gametes, or sex cells (ovum and sperm), are being formed The arrows indicate the continuity of the superficial temporal veins 1 Diploic veins 2 Superior sagittal sinus 3 Superior cerebral veins 4 Parietal emissary vein 5 Superficial temporal veins (parietal branch) 6 Superior anastomotic vein (Trolard [30]) 7 Inferior sagittal sinus 8 Superior thalamostriate vein 9 Superior choroidal vein 10 Internal.

sphe·no·pa·ri·etal sinus .sfē-nō-pə-'rī-ət-əl-n a venous sinus of the dura mater on each side of the cranium arising at a meningeal vein near the apex of the lesser wing of the sphenoid bone and draining into the anterior part of the cavernous sinus.sfē-nō-pə-'rī-ət-əl-n a venous sinus of the dura mater on each side of the craniu anterior temporal diploic vein 38. anterior tibial vein 39. anterior vein of septum pellucidum 40. anterior vertebral vein 41. apical segmental vein 42. apicoposterior segmental vein 43. appendicular vein 44. aqueous vein 45. arch of the azygos vein 46. arcuate vein 47. arcuate vein of the kidney 48. arizona vein agate 49 Head & Neck Spotters - Final With Answers-1 - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. For anatomy head and neck is considered to be one of the hardest, revise it all here:- 87 Internal jugular vein 88 Superficial temporal artery 89 Maxillary artery 90 Buccal artery 91 Posterior superior alveolar artery 92 Inferior alveolar artery, mental branch 93 Frontal diploic vein 94 Submental artery 95 Sphenopalatine artery 96 Posterior auricular vein 97 Occipital artery 98 Occipital vein 99 Occipital diploic vein The deep temporal veins pick up blood from the parotid veins, anterior auricular veins, transverse facial vein, and articular veins. Several of these veins, including the transverse facial veins.

The upper end of the diploic vein joins the venous sinuses around the middle meningeal artery at the yellow arrow. C, superior view. The dura covering the cerebral hemispheres contains a plexus of small meningeal sinus veins that follow the branches of the meningeal arteries. and the anterior temporal vein in 2. There may be double veins of. Overview What is temporal arteritis? Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels). In temporal arteritis, also known as giant cell arteritis or Horton's arteritis, the temporal arteries (the blood vessels near the temples), which supply blood from the heart to the scalp, are inflamed (swollen) and constricted (narrowed) The veins drain into a larger central vein. DVAs are benign (not cancerous). DVAs also may be called venous angiomas or benign variations in venous drainage. Some doctors refer to them as caput medusae, a Latin term that means head of Medusa because the clump of veins resembles snakes on the head of the Greek mythological character named Medusa Venous malformations (VMs) are a type of type of vascular malformation that results from veins that have developed abnormally, which stretch or enlarge over time. VMs can be extremely painful and sensitive. A VM usually looks like a bluish discoloration. It can be a single lesion or it may be one of many

Diploic veins - DocCheck Flexiko

anterior temporal diploic vein. anterior tibial artery. anterior tibial lymph node. anterior tibial muscle. anterior tibial recurrent artery. anterior tibial sign. anterior tibial vein. anterior tibiofibular ligament. anterior tubercle. anterior tubercle of atlas. anterior tubercle of thalamus The cortical branches of the MCA supply the lateral surface of the hemisphere, except for the medial part of the frontal and the parietal lobe (anterior cerebral artery), and the inferior part of the temporal lobe (posterior cerebral artery). The deep penetrating LSA-branches are discussed above. Posterior cerebral artery (PCA in green

Lateral Striate Artery - Spinal Nerve - RR School Of Nursing

A blockage in an artery or vein is called an occlusion or stroke. When the flow of blood from the retina is blocked, it is often because a blot clot is blocking the retinal vein. This condition is called retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Nerve cells need a constant supply of blood to deliver oxygen and nutrients. Blood vessels provide this supply temporal diploic vein temporal discrimination temporal dispersion temporal encephalomalacia temporal epilepsy temporal fascia temporal fossa temporal gyros temporal gyrus anterior temporal branch any doctrine concerning the prophetic end of the temporal world apex of petrous part of temporal bon Introduction. Lumps and bumps on the head are a common complaint in children and often a source of concern for parents. The differential diagnosis for the examining physician is broad, and radiologic evaluation is often requested (, 1 2).A wide spectrum of congenital lesions (eg, encephaloceles, nasal gliomas, dermoid and epidermoid cysts, benign tumors) and acquired lesions (eg, sarcoma. Superficial temporal vein - Descends in front of the auricle and enters the parotid gland; it joins the maxillary vein to form the retromandibular vein, the anterior division of which unites with the facial vein to form the common facial vein, which then drains into the internal jugular vein Fig. 1 Normal human eye, anterior aspect. N, nasal; T, temporal.The cornea (a) is anterior to the iris (b) and pupil (c).The elliptic shape of the anterior corneal margin (arrows) is compared to the round shape of its posterior one (dotted line).The collarette of the iris is evident at b 1.The pupil is displaced slightly to the nasal side of the eye

Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or frontotemporal degenerations refers to a group of disorders caused by progressive nerve cell loss in the brain's frontal lobes (the areas behind your forehead) or its temporal lobes (the regions behind your ears) The external jugular vein and its tributaries supply the majority of the external face. It is formed by the union of two veins: Posterior auricular vein - drains the area of scalp superior and posterior to the outer ear. Retromandibular vein (posterior branch) - itself formed by the maxillary and superficial temporal veins, which drain the. This is a large plexus of veins situated between the temporalis and lateral pterygoid muscles,and drains into the maxillary vein. Importantly, the veins of the scalp connect to the diploic veins of the skull via valveless emissary veins. This establishes a connection between the scalp and the dural venous sinuses

Diploic Veins neuroangio

Anterior temporal artery Radiology Reference Article

Blood from the more superficial portions of the head, scalp, and cranial regions, including the temporal vein and maxillary vein, flow into each external jugular vein. Although the external and internal jugular veins are separate vessels, there are anastomoses between them close to the thoracic region. Blood from the external jugular vein. with flow voids which thought to be dilated medullary veins in deep white matter (Fig. 1). Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) shows an arteriovenous shunt in left cranial vault fed from middle meningeal artery (MMA) and anterior deep temporal artery (ADTA) and drained into the right frontal cortical vein via the diploic vein (Fig. 2). Thi

anterior temporal diploic vein - The Free Dictionar

The petrous ridge of the petrous temporal bone segment forms the posterior extent of the CSB. The sella turcica, posterior clinoid processes, and the body of the sphenoid all reside centrally. The CSB shapes the MCF, which houses the anterior temporal lobes, pituitary gland, cavernous sinuses, and the exiting cranial nerves II through VI anterior thigh muscle that is one of the deepest of the four quadriceps and extends the leg Noun Plural: anterior thigh muscle that is ones of the deepest of the four quadriceps and extends the leg Translate anterior thigh muscle that is one of the deepest of the four quadriceps and extends the leg to Spanish: músculo del muslo anterior que es el más profundo de los cuatro cuadríceps y. Ang pinakamalaking diploic veins ay frontal diploic Vienna (v diploica frontalis.), Aling ay dumadaloy patungo sa higit na mataas sa hugis ng palaso sinus, nauuna temporal diploic Vienna (v diploica temporalis anterior.) - sa sphenoparietal sinus puwit temporal diploic Vienna (v diploica temporalis puwit Learn CPT-4 Codes for Varicose Vein Procedures involved in Treatment Therapy, Supplies, Evaluation. Varicose veins are abnormally large veins that bulge through the skin, usually in the legs. They can be painful for many people, whether they're walking or staying still Transverse sinus (Sinus transversus) The transverse sinus (lateral sinus) is a paired venous vessel that runs through the tentorium cerebelli. Both sinuses begin at the internal occipital protuberance of occipital bone, while they terminate by giving off the ipsilateral sigmoid sinus. The function of the transverse sinus is to collect the blood from the veins of the cerebellum and.

Cureus The Diploic Veins: A Comprehensive Review with

Cerebral lobes: frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, insula, limbic system (note that the limbic system is a functional unit that links parts of other lobes, and thus, zones are superimposed). Cerebral lobes. Cerebellar lobes: Anterior lobe of the cerebellum, posterior lobe of the cerebellum, and the flocculonodular lobe Venous Supply of Head, Neck and Face - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online In adults, the rare observation of temporal foramina in human skulls, remnants of the PSS can drain a posterior temporal reported in eight of 1500 dry skulls (0.53%) by Boyd diploic vein and superior tympanic veins (Cheatle, 1899; (1939) and in 23 of 2585 (0.88%) by Cheatle (1899), is Padget, 1957), and are probably also involved in the in. B. The facial vein drains into the internal jugular vein C. The superficial temporal and maxillary veins join to form the external jugular vein D. The facial vein has communications with the pterygoid plexus E. The retromandibular vein has an anterior and posterior division Show answer Correct Answer: C 53 The frontal lobe is a relatively large lobe of the brain, extending from the front of the brain almost halfway towards the back of the brain. Damage to the frontal lobe of the brain can cause a range of symptoms, including motor weakness and behavioral problems. A variety of conditions can damage the frontal lobe, including stroke, head trauma.

The Diploic Veins - Human Anatom

Only primates have temporal lobes, which are largest in man, accommodating 17% of the cerebral cortex and including areas with auditory, olfactory, vestibular, visual and linguistic functions. The hippocampal formation, on the medial side of the lobe, includes the parahippocampal gyrus, subiculum, hippocampus, dentate gyrus, and associated white matter, notably the fimbria, whose fibres. A glomus jugulare tumor grows in the temporal bone of the skull, in an area called the jugular foramen. The jugular foramen is also where the jugular vein and several important nerves exit the skull. This area contains nerve fibers, called glomus bodies. Normally, these nerves respond to changes in body temperature or blood pressure

Diploic vein, anterior temporal Article about diploic

Deep temporal veins: 808000 : Posterior intercostal artery: 809008 : Fetal chondrocranium: 823005 : Posterior cervical spinal cord nerve root: 830004 : Spinous process of fifth thoracic vertebra: 836005 : Oral region of face: 885000 : Lamina muscularis of colonic mucous membrane: 895007 : Anterior cruciate ligament of knee joint: 917004. right inferior temporal vein; right occipital diploic vein; right posterior temporal diploic vein; right superior cerebellar vein; right superior petrosal sinus; superior sagittal sinus left frontal diploic vein; left frontal vein; left lateral lacuna; left parietal emissary vein; left parietal vein; left prefrontal vein; left superior temporal. posterior part of anterior commissure of brain. posterior part of knee. posterior temporal branch of middle cerebral artery. posterior temporal branches of lateral occipital artery. posterior temporal diploic vein. posterior thalamic radiation. posterior thoracic nerve. posterior thoracic nucleus. posterior tibial artery Structure of posterior temporal diploic vein 154127002; Structure of posterior tympanic artery 77134005; Structure of premaxillary bone 95951008; Structure of pulp of tooth 26671000; Structure of radicular gingiva 85084008; Structure of retromandibular vein 36566009; Structure of retromolar area of mouth 8581600

Neurovasculature of the Skull & Face - Atlas of Anatomy

Deep temporal veins: 808000 : Posterior intercostal arteries: 809008 : Fetal chondrocranium: 823005 : Posterior cervical spinal cord nerve root: 830004 : Spinous process of fifth thoracic vertebra: 836005 : Oral region of face: 885000 : Lamina muscularis of colonic mucous membrane: 895007 : Anterior cruciate ligament of knee joint: 917004. internal jugular vein superficial temporal artery retromandibular vein maxillary artery 41. The floor of the sella turcica is also the: diaphragma sella roof of the sphenoid sinus medial wall of the temporal fossa roof of the nasal cavity site of attachment of the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle 42 However, compared with labial orthodontics, excessive lingual inclination of the maxillary anterior teeth and vertical and horizontal arched effect of dental arch easily appeared in the space closure stage during lingual orthodontics, because of large variability of anterior tooth lingual surface, small effect of bracket spacing on the rigidity and friction of the arch wire, and small.