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Poliomyelitis AMBOSS

Abstract. Die Poliomyelitis (auch Kinderlähmung genannt) wird durch das zur Gruppe der Enteroviren zählende Poliovirus verursacht. Früher war sie eine verbreitete und sehr gefürchtete Krankheit im Kindesalter, da sie irreversible Lähmungen bis hin zur Atemlähmung verursachen kann. Durch weltweite. ist die Poliomyelitis inzwischen sehr selten Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus.; The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body) Polio Disease and Poliovirus. There are three wild types of poliovirus (WPV) - type 1, type 2, and type 3. People need to be protected against all three types of the virus in order to prevent polio disease and the polio vaccination is the best protection. Type 2 wild poliovirus was declared eradicated in September 2015, with the last virus. Polymyositis (pol-e-my-o-SY-tis) is an uncommon inflammatory disease that causes muscle weakness affecting both sides of your body. Having this condition can make it difficult to climb stairs, rise from a seated position, lift objects or reach overhead. Polymyositis most commonly affects adults in their 30s, 40s or 50s

What is transverse myelitis? Transverse myelitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord, the part of the central nervous system that sends impulses from the brain to nerves in the body There's no diagnostic test for post-polio syndrome. Diagnosis is based on a medical history and physical exam, and exclusion of other conditions that could cause the signs and symptoms. Indicators of post-polio syndrome. For a diagnosis of post-polio syndrome, doctors look for three indicators: Previous diagnosis of polio A virus is an obligate intracellular parasite, meaning that it can only survive within a host cell and depends on it for replication and metabolic processes, e.g., protein synthesis. Viruses can be..

Polymyositis is a type of muscle disease called an inflammatory myopathy. It inflames your muscles and their related tissues, like the blood vessels that supply them. It can cause muscle weakness. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a blood circulation disorder characterized by two factors: A specific group of symptoms that frequently occur when standing upright. A heart rate increase from horizontal to standing (or as tested on a tilt table) of at least 30 beats per minute in adults, or at least 40 beats per minute in. Dracunculiasis, also called Guinea-worm disease, is a parasitic infection by the Guinea worm. A person becomes infected from drinking water that contains water fleas infected with guinea worm larvae. Initially there are no symptoms. About one year later, the female worm forms a painful blister in the skin, usually on a lower limb. Other symptoms at this time may include vomiting and dizziness Vaccination is a very effective measure for providing immunity to many infectious diseases. The discovery of vaccines played a central part in the eradication of smallpox and helped significantly r..

Transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare neurological condition in which the spinal cord is inflamed. Transverse implies that the inflammation extends horizontally across the spinal cord. Partial transverse myelitis and partial myelitis are terms sometimes used to specify inflammation that only affects part of the width of the spinal cord. TM is characterized by weakness and numbness of the limbs. Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious chronic disease that affects the tissue surrounding the air sacs, or alveoli, in your lungs. This condition occurs when that lung tissue becomes thick and stiff for unknown reasons. Over time, these changes can cause permanent scarring in the lungs, called fibrosis. Dysphagia is a problem that commonly affects patients cared for by family physicians in the office, as hospital inpatients and as nursing home residents. Familiar medical problems, including. Avascular necrosis is a disease that results from the temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to the bone. It happens most commonly in the ends of a long bone. Avascular necrosis may be the result of injury, use of medicines, or alcohol. Symptoms may include joint pain and limited range of motion. Medicines, assistive devices or surgery may. introduction of inactivated polio vaccine during the period of 1956 to 1958, there was an outbreak of paralytic poliomyelitis in the USA use to the distribution of inadequately inactivated polio vaccine and demonstrated that the inactivation of this virus with formaldehyde was not a linear or first-order reaction

Some polio vaccines prepared between 1955 and 1963 were made from monkey cells and were later found to be contaminated with SV40. Some older studies suggested that infection with SV40 might increase a person's risk of developing mesothelioma (a rare cancer of the lining of the lungs or abdomen), as well as some brain tumors , bone cancers. Monoplegia is a kind of generalized paralysis that affects just one limb. Diplegia affects the same area on both sides, like both arms, both legs, or both sides of your face. Hemiplegia affects. Poliomyelitis - tenderness of the bone in an apparently paralyzed extremity indicates osteomyelitis. There is no bone tenderness in polio. Septic arthritis - joints are exquisitely tender and painful, whereas the swollen joint associated with osteomyelitis may be gently manipulated through a limited range of motion

Polymyalgia rheumatica, an inflammatory disease most commonly seen in older adults, usually causes pain and stiffness in the shoulders and upper back and/or the hip area. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is an inflammatory disorder that causes widespread aching, stiffness and flu-like symptoms. It is.

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin - the protective covering of nerve fibers Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are acquired through consumption of water or food contaminated by feces of an acutely infected or convalescent person or a chronic, asymptomatic carrier. Risk for infection is high in low- and middle-income countries with endemic disease and poor access to safe food, water, and sanitation Charcot affects the bones, joints, and soft tissues of the foot or ankle. The bones become weak and can break and the joints in the foot or ankle can dislocate. If not caught in its earliest stage, the joints in the foot collapse and the foot eventually becomes deformed. A deformed foot can cause pressure sores to develop in the foot or ankle If poliomyelitis is suspected, other appropriate specimens should be collected (see poliomyelitis guideline). If there is an epidemiological link to a confirmed EV71 case, or a high index of clinical suspicion that the case could be EV71 neurological disease, appropriate specimens for EV71 isolation (refer to EV71 guideline) should be collected.

Acute transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare acquired neuro-immune spinal cord disorder that can present with the rapid onset of weakness, sensory alterations, and bowel or bladder dysfunction. TM can occur as an independent entity, usually as a postinfectious complication, but TM also exists on a continuum of neuro-inflammatory disorders that. Kartagener syndrome is a type of p rimary ciliary dyskinesia that is also characterized by situs inversus totalis (mirror-image reversal of internal organs ). The signs and symptoms vary but may include neonatal respiratory distress; frequent lung, sinus and middle ear infections beginning in early childhood; and infertility Esophageal Spasms. Esophageal spasms are problems with muscles in your esophagus, the tube that takes food and drink to your stomach after you swallow. Spasms may cause minor to severe symptoms, including difficulty swallowing and chest pain. Medication or other therapies often help. Surgery is rare This list is incomplete. You can help by expanding it, either through adding an already known condition or through bioterrorism. However, the former is strongly recommended. This list is also badly organized. I am planning on doing an overhaul at some point to be able to accurately classify everything on here. I'm thinking of organizing it more specifically by what it does such as.

What is Polio

Undernutrition, common among older adults, impairs immune responses. Calcium, zinc, and vitamin E are particularly important to immunity. Risk of calcium deficiency is increased in older adults, partly because with aging, the intestine becomes less able to absorb calcium Diabetic Charcot Neuropathy is a chronic and progressive disease that occurs as a result of loss of protective sensation which leads to the destruction of foot and ankle joints and surrounding bony structures. Diagnosis can be made clinically with a warm and erythematous foot with erythema that decreases with foot elevation Bursitis is inflammation of the bursa. There are two major bursae in the hip that typically become irritated and inflamed. One bursa covers the bony point of the hip bone called the greater trochanter. Inflammation of this bursa is called trochanteric bursitis. Another bursa — the iliopsoas bursa — is located on the inside (groin side) of. Published studies are lacking on the safety and efficacy of other vaccines, such as those against hepatitis A, meningococcal disease, pertussis, pneumococcal disease, polio, and typhoid. Inactivated vaccines are theoretically safe for people being treated with an interferon medication, glatiramer acetate, mitoxantrone, fingolimod, or.

Intoeing means that when a child walks or runs, the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight ahead. It is commonly referred to as being pigeon-toed. In most children, intoeing will correct itself without the use of casts, braces, surgery, or any special treatmen Autoimmune encephalitis refers to a group of conditions that occur when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy brain cells, leading to inflammation of the brain.People with autoimmune encephalitis may have various neurologic and/or psychiatric symptoms. Neurologic symptoms may include impaired memory and cognition, abnormal movements, seizures, and/or problems with balance, speech. BCG vaccine side effects. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Call your doctor at once if you have: drainage, ulcers, or other unexpected skin changes where the injection was given Colitis refers to inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. There are numerous causes of colitis including infection, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of IBD), ischemic colitis, allergic reactions, and microscopic colitis. Symptoms of colitis depend upon the cause and may include. abdominal pain

Non-polio enteroviruses cause a variety of infections, including aseptic meningitis, hand, foot, and mouth disease, herpangina, and the common cold. Symptoms and signs of enterovirus infection include hypoxia, eye pain, shortness of breath, chest pain, and fever. Treatment of non-polio enterovirus infection involves supportive care that reduces. Abducens (sixth cranial) nerve palsy is the most common ocular motor paralysis in adults and the second-most common in children. The abducens nerve controls the lateral rectus muscle, which AB-ducts the eye. Abducens nerve palsy causes an esotropia due to the unopposed action of the antagonistic medial rectus muscle Classic Bacterial Pneumonia. When a provider hears lung sounds that seem normal on one side but absent on the other, bacterial pneumonia is more likely. Bacteria tend to aggressively attack one lobe or section of the lungs causing a specific area of inflammation to take over the cells that were filled with air

Polio Disease and Poliovirus CD

  1. The picornaviruses are small (22 to 30 nm) nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses with cubic symmetry. The virus capsid is composed of 60 protein subunits, each consisting of four poly-peptides VP1-VP4. Because they contain no essential lipids, they are ether resistant. They replicate in the cytoplasm. The picornaviruses that affect humans are the enteroviruses, found primarily in the gut.
  2. Breathing is a complex process that relies heavily on the coordinated action of the muscles of respiration and the control center in the brain. The primary function of the lungs is to facilitate gas exchange between inspired air and the circulatory system. It helps bring oxygen to the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the body. Oxygen is critical for proper metabolism on a cellular level.
  3. Leflunomide side effects. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Call your doctor at once if you have: signs of infection--sudden weakness or ill feeling, fever, chills, sore throat, mouth sores, red or swollen gums, trouble swallowing; sudden chest pain or discomfort, wheezing, dry.
  4. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), a mosquito-borne flavivirus, is the most important cause of viral encephalitis in Asia based on its frequency and severity. With the near eradication of poliomyelitis, JEV is now the leading cause of childhood viral neurological infection and disability in Asia [ 1 ]
  5. A cerebrovascular accident is also known as a stroke. There are different types of stroke and various risk factors that can lead to a stroke. Read on to learn about the signs of a stroke and the.

Polymyositis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Transverse Myelitis Fact Sheet National Institute of

Retrovirus, any of a group of viruses that belong to the family Retroviridae and that characteristically carry their genetic blueprint in the form of ribonucleic acid (RNA). Retroviruses cause tumor growth and certain cancers in animals and are associated with slow infections of animals The 4-month mark is a big milestone in your little one's life, thanks to some major brain and physical development milestones. Most babies by this age will have doubled their birth weights (or more) and will be sleeping more solid and longer stretches at night. You may have a more predictable schedule for naps, bedtime, and feedings, so life. Meningococcal meningitis, a bacterial form of meningitis, is a serious infection of the meninges that affects the brain membrane. It can cause severe brain damage and is fatal in 50% of cases if untreated. Twelve types of N. meningitides, called serogroups, have been identified, six of which (A, B, C, W, X and Y) can cause disease and epidemics

Neurogenic bladder is the name given to a number of urinary conditions in people who lack bladder control due to a brain, spinal cord or nerve problem. This nerve damage can be the result of diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease or diabetes. It can also be caused by infection of the brain or spinal cord, heavy metal. Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare disorder that may affect multiple organ systems, especially the lungs. The disorder is characterized by the abnormal clustering of certain white blood cells (hypereosinophilia) in the blood and tissues, inflammation of blood vessels (vasculitis), and the development of inflammatory nodular lesions called. During the last three decades, the development and commercialization of conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), pneumococcus, and serogroups C, A, W, and Y of meningococcus contributed to the virtual elimination of bacterial meningitis caused by the bacteria included in the vaccines and to the prevention of diseases that used to cause more than a million deaths annually. Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare condition in which the lumbosacral nerve roots that extend below the spinal cord itself are compressed within the lumbosacral spinal canal ( fig 1 ). Usually the cause is a central disc prolapse at the L4/5 or L5/S1 level. More rarely, compression can occur due to pathology in a higher disc or to infection.

Poliomyelitis wird durch Polio-Viren ausgelöst. Von den drei Typen kommt Typ 2 heute kaum mehr vor. Ebenfalls gibt es Polio-Erkrankungen durch zirkulierende Abkömmlinge von Poliovirus-Impfstämmen. Zu Beginn der Infektion wird das Virus während rund einer Woche im Nasen-Rachen-Sekret ausgeschieden Herd immunity (or community immunity) occurs when a high percentage of the community is immune to a disease (through vaccination and/or prior illness), making the spread of this disease from person to person unlikely. Even individuals not vaccinated (such as newborns and the immunocompromised) are offered some protection because the disease has. Leptospirosis is a potentially fatal bacterial infection that can cause severe complications. It passes from animals to humans through contaminated water, often in tropical areas. These included.

Post-polio syndrome - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

Sepsis is a clinical syndrome resulting from a dysregulated systemic inflammatory response to infection.1 It is characterised by a generalised pro-inflammatory cascade, which may lead to widespread tissue injury.2 It encompasses a clinical spectrum of severity, including severe sepsis, septic shock, and multi-organ failure.3 Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) is an autoimmune process that is characterized by progressive areflexic weakness and mild sensory changes. Sensory symptoms often precede. Researchers observed neurologic symptoms in 36% of patients who had mild COVID-19 infection, and as high as 45% in patients with severe infection, based on respiratory status. Of the patients.

General virology - AMBOS

Wissen macht Arzt, Berlin (Berlin, Germany). 13,864 likes · 74 talking about this. Wissen macht Arzt - für Medizin-Studenten, angehende Ärzte & Jungmediziner von Springer Medizin (www.springermedizin.de Catch-up. immunization. recommended for all adults < 26 years. 2 doses (0, 6-12 month schedule) in patients who began the. immunization. schedule at < 15 years. 3 doses (0, 1-2 month, 6 month schedule) in patients who began the. immunization. schedule ≥ 15 years or who are

Nichtparalytische Poliomyelitis (aseptische Meningitis): Etwa 3-7 Tage nach der abortiven Poliomyelitis kommt es zu Fieber, Nackensteifigkeit, Rückenschmerzen und Muskelspasmen. Im Liquor finden sich eine lymphozytäre Pleozytose, normale Glukosespiegel und normale oder etwas erhöhte Proteinspiegel Neuromuscular disorders affect your neuromuscular system. They can cause problems with. The nerves that control your muscles. Your muscles. Communication between your nerves and muscles. These disorders can cause your muscles to become weak and waste away. You may also have symptoms such as spasms, twitching, and pain Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System California's Prescription Drug Monitoring Program. CURES (Controlled Substance Utilization Review and Evaluation System) is a database of Schedule II, Schedule III, Schedule IV and Schedule V controlled substance prescriptions dispensed in California serving the public health, regulatory oversight agencies, and law enforcement Direct Coomb's Test. This is the test that is done on the newborn's blood sample, usually in the setting of a newborn with jaundice. The test is looking for foreign antibodies that are already adhered to the infant's red blood cells (rbcs), a potential cause of hemolysis. This is referred to as antibody-mediated hemolysis However, poliomyelitis (a viral infection) or Lou Gehrig's disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS) can affect neurons in the entire spinal cord. The information pathways Specialized neurons carry messages from the skin, muscles, joints, and internal organs to the spinal cord about pain, temperature, touch, vibration, and proprioception

Polymyositis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

1 1 ASSESSING STROKE -SCORES & SCALES AUTHORS: JULIE FUSSNER, BSN, RN, CPHQ, SCRN CESAR VELASCO, RN 2 DISCLOSURES JULIE FUSSNER -I have no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to thi TORCH Syndrome refers to infection of a developing fetus or newborn by any of a group of infectious agents. TORCH is an acronym meaning (T)oxoplasmosis, (O)ther Agents, (R)ubella (also known as German Measles), (C)ytomegalovirus, and (H)erpes Simplex. Infection with any of these agents (i.e., Toxoplasma gondii, rubella virus.

Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) Johns

Nipple-Areola Reconstruction A literature review found that in patients who underwent nipple-areola complex reconstruction, the pooled average satisfaction rates for appearance and symmetry were 81.9% and 80.3%, respectively. Quiz: Myasthenia Gravis Myasthenia gravis is a relatively rare autoimmune. Elicit the reflexes at the patella tendon and calcaneal tendon (ankle jerk) using the tendon hammer. Test the plantar reflexes. Scratch the sole of the foot with a slightly sharp object (avoid using the end of the tendon hammer) Move from the heel, along the lateral side of the foot, then arc towards the big toe Skin ulcers cause a crater-like depression in the skin, which may weep clear fluid (called serous ), blood, or, when infected, pus. The outer border of a skin ulcer is often raised and inflamed. The skin around the ulcer can be discolored, raised, or thickened. Areas of the ulcer may turn black as the tissue dies. 1  Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory type of arthritis that can cause joint pain, swelling and damage. Learn what causes RA and its treatments Kidney infection is a type of urinary tract infection (UTI) that commonly begins in your bladder and moves upstream to one or both of your kidneys. In rare cases, kidney infections can lead to serious health problems, but quick treatment prevents most complications

Dracunculiasis - Wikipedi

A simple way to determine whether you've become lactose intolerant is to completely eliminate milk and milk products from your diet and monitor how you feel in the following weeks. If you still. Prävention und Bekämpfungsmaßnahmen. Leitfaden für den Öffentlichen Gesundheitsdienst zum Vorgehen bei Fällen von Poliomyelitis in Deutschland, 2019 (PDF, 2 MB, Datei ist nicht barrierefrei) Laborcontainment von Polioviren: Der WHO Global Action Plan zur Polioeradikation und Konsequenzen für die Labore in Deutschland, Epid Bull 24/2016 COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. Progressive means the disease gets worse over time. COPD can cause coughing that produces large amounts of a slimy substance called mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms Pneumococcal disease can cause serious infections of the ears, lungs, blood, and brain. Although it's common in young children, older adults are most at risk for serious pneumococcal infections. Since the pneumococcal vaccine was approved for use in children, the number of older adults hospitalized for pneumococcal disease has gone way down Vaccines help protect against many diseases that used to be much more common. Examples include tetanus, diphtheria, mumps, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), meningitis, and polio. Many of these infections can cause serious or life-threatening illnesses and may lead to life-long health problems

Vaccination - AMBOS

The influenza virion is an enveloped virus that derives its lipid bilayer from the plasma membrane of a host cell. Two different varieties of glycoprotein spike are embedded in the envelope. Approximately 80 percent of the spikes are hemagglutinin, a trimeric protein that functions in the attachment of the virus to a host cell Rheumatic heart disease is caused by rheumatic fever. This is an inflammatory disease that can affect many connective tissues, especially in the heart, joints, skin, or brain. The heart valves can be inflamed and become scarred over time. This can result in narrowing or leaking of the heart valve Tuberculosis (TB) is estimated to infect a third of the world's population, but the possibility of TB as a diagnosis may be forgotten in Australia where the overall incidence is low; about 1000 cases are diagnosed nationally each year and the incidence is 5-6 per 100 000 population. 1 Patients born, raised or recently arrived from high TB-burden countries, and patients from some indigenous. Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences UWA Medical and Dental Library . Understanding absolute and relative risk reduction • The differences between relative and absolute risk reductions are often poorly understood by healt Shutterstock. A hysterectomy is a surgical operation to remove the uterus, an organ located in the female pelvis. Attached to the uterus on either side is a single fallopian tube and one ovary.

Transverse myelitis - Wikipedi

Verapamil hydrochloride is used for the treatment of angina, hypertension, and arrhythmias. It is a highly negatively inotropic calcium channel-blocker and it reduces cardiac output, slows the heart rate, and may impair atrioventricular conduction. It may precipitate heart failure, exacerbate conduction disorders, and cause hypotension at high. This fact sheet will focus on antimicrobials used as pesticides. If a product label claims to kill, control, repel, mitigate or reduce a pest, it is a pesticide regulated by the U.S. EPA. 2 When manufacturers make this kind of claim on the label, they must also include: application instructions that are effective at killing or controlling the. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the principal forms of inflammatory bowel disease. Both represent chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, which displays heterogeneity in inflammatory and symptomatic burden between patients and within individuals over time. Optimal management relies on understanding and tailoring evidence-based interventions by clinicians in partnership. Standard Symptoms. Signs and symptoms of a spinal cord injury may present immediately or some symptoms may be delayed as swelling and bleeding occur in or around the spinal cord. One or more of the following symptoms may occur with a spinal cord injury: Pain and numbness, or burning sensation. Inability to move the extremities or walk Dyspnoea, also known as shortness of breath or breathlessness, is a subjective sensation of breathing discomfort. It is a common symptom, present in up to half of patients admitted to acute, tertiary care hospitals and in one quarter of medical outpatients. Parshall MB, Schwartzstein RM, Adams L, et al; American Thoracic Society Committee on Dyspnea

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis NHLBI, NI

Measles is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Measles virus (MV) is transmitted via the respiratory route and causes systemic disease. Over the last decade, identification of new cellular receptors and studies in animal models have challenged the histori The World Health Organization is to meet with Encephalitis Society and discuss report looking at global impact of encephalitis. Read more. Sign up for a challenge in 2021. Find out which challenge events you can enter for the Encephalitis Society in 2021 Read more. Functional Neurology Disorder - Podcast

Infection with the roundworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, causes human ascariasis.This species of Ascaris is the main cause of human ascariasis, but Ascaris suum (from pigs) can occasionally infect humans, as well. People acquire this parasite by swallowing Ascaris eggs in soil, food, or water contaminated with human feces. The eggs remain infectious in soil for years Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. WILLIAM. diagnosed in 2002 Mixed type cerebral palsy occurs when a child is showing symptoms of two or more types of cerebral palsy. About 15.4% of all cases are diagnosed as mixed type cerebral palsy.. The most common mixed cerebral palsy diagnosis is a combination of spastic and athetoid cerebral palsy, since both of these types are characterized by issues with involuntary movement