Harvesting of the 2021 secondary Belg season crops will start in July with about one month of delay in Southern Tigray, eastern Amhara, eastern Oromiya and northeastern SNNP regions An onset of the belgrains in north-central Ethiopia during last week of January/first week of February usually creates optimal conditions for the planting of belgcrops. This year the belgrains arrived comparatively late. Farmers in most zones complained of a delay of up to two months — depending on the geographical location The February-May rainfall season, locally known as Belg, contributes up to 40% of the annual rainfall over northeastern, central and southwestern Ethiopia. Its contribution exceeds 50% over southern and southeastern Ethiopia. The Belg season is characterized by significant inter-annual and intra-seasonal variability The Belg/Gu/Ganna season in Ethiopia stretches from February to June and contributes 50-65% of the annual rainfall for the south-southeastern and up to 40% to the northeastern-eastern parts of the country
The two main crop seasons in Ethiopia are the belgand meherseasons which receive rainfall from February to June and from June to October, respectively. The mehercrop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation's total cereals output, and the belgharvest provides the remaining 5-10 percent of cereal output season and yields are smaller in the Belg than in the Meher season. In 2007/08 4.5 percent of national ceral production was produced in the Belg season. The most important contribution of the Belg.
The Belg rainfall season in southwestern Ethiopia has had a timely onset, while a slight delay is observed in central and northern Ethiopia. The long rains/Gu rainfall season in bimodal areas of the region has generally exhibited a slightly early or timely start, including in Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, Burundi, and Rwanda The statment said a high number of locusts are more likely to mature and lay eggs during Ethiopia's belg season which will start in mid February. They could pose at high risk for farms during the season, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) said in a statement It is found that in general, ENSO is the main source of predictive skill for Ethiopian seasonal rainfall. This is the case for both the Belg (small rainy season) from February to May and Kiremt (main rainy season) from June to September, during which other, more regional SST in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean also contribute There are four different season types in Ethiopia: The first one is the two-season type. Two-season type is the kiremt (wet) season and the bega (dry) season. This type of season is most dominant in the western parts of Ethiopia
The belg rains fail when these diverse weather phenomena are not realized. For example, the creation of strong low pressure and cyclones in the southern Indian Ocean reduces the amount and distribution of rainfall in Ethiopia (ibid.). Between 5 and 10 percent of crops in Ethiopia are produced during the belg season Belg season has arrived and farmers have to start preparing their land for ploughing. The season runs starting from mid February to April and it is the main rainy season for south and southeast regions of Ethiopia, which account for the 70pc of the total annual rainfall received in these regions
3.1. Belg (FMAM) and ENSO Belg season rainfall (FMAM) (Fig. 3) makes a significant contribution to total annual rainfall in the northeast, east and central portions of Ethiopia, as seen clearly in the annual rainfall cycle (Fig. 4, top). Inhabitants of these parts of the country are agricultural and hydrological beneficiarie The trends in rainfall were decreased in most of the months. Besides, the trend of rainfall decreased in the annual, Belg and Kiremt season while increased in the Bega season. The study also indicated that the occurrence of droughts in the study area was associated with ENSO events like most other parts of Ethiopia and East Africa According to a recent climate risk profile conducted by USAID, since the 1960s, Ethiopia has experienced more intense storms, more frequent and severe droughts, and belg season rains that are more unpredictable in timing. Climate change may decrease national GDP by 8-10 percent by 2050 — a hefty contraction that could hamper growth
Good Belg season rainfall 4.1 Precipitation trends over the last three decades leads to greater moisture availability and facilitates early planting of long-duration varieties of the main food crops such It is well-documented that Ethiopia experiences significant as maize and sorghum which are high-yielding 'Belg' season is the main rainfall season yielding 100‐200mm per month, followed by a lesser rainfall season in October to December called 'Bega' (around 100mm per month). The eastern most corner of Ethiopia receives very little rainfall at any time of year Belg is the small rainy period for most parts of Ethiopia except southern and southeastern low lands. It covers the period from February to May. Rainfall during the season is highly variable in time and space and high maximum temperature values are common . From Belg season March, April and May months are the warmest months 
There are three seasons in Ethiopia. From September to February is the long dry season known as the bega; this is followed by a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April. May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August As compared to Kiremt season, the Belg rainfall was more variable. For example, CV for Belg was 53%; it ranged from 37-69%. This agrees with the study by Woldeamlak & Conway (2007) . Based on Hare (1983) classification, North Shewa has been vulnerable to drought during Belg season (CV > 30%) Due to the poor belg harvest in 2015, seeds are scarce for Ethiopian farmers preparing to plant during the upcoming season. The belg accounts for only 10 to 20 percent of national production but is a key cropping season in some areas. NUTRITIO
tions for Belg harvest in South Wollo, Ethiopia. Geogr. Ann., 89 A (4): 287-299. ABSTRACT. Most farmers in the Ethiopian high-lands depend on rain-fed agriculture. Some areas have the favourable situation of having two rainy seasons, Belg (February-May) and the long rainy season Kiremt (June-October), which is the case in some parts of South Wollo Ethiopia, planting of secondary . Belg. season cereal crops began in February and weather conditions have been favourable. Localized damage to crops from desert locusts is expected in some areas; however, national . Belg . harvest is expected to be average due to favorable weather conditions. Areas worst-affected by locusts include Somali. The current study agreed with Haile and Tang findings that stated drought tends to be more frequent and more severe in the boreal spring (Belg Season) in East Africa. Mohammed study indicated that increasing tendency of drought Belg season in the North East Highland of Ethiopia. This study coincided with his findings in all study LZs Belg season rainfall showed high variability. Ataye station Belg season (April and May) dry events occurred in 1999, 2000, 2008, and 2011, while the wet events occurred in 1990, and 1993. Ethiopia including North Shewa Zone due to rainfed agriculture dependency and climate variability as well as low resilience. The mai Weather Outlook for Belg Season National Meteorological Service Agency reported that the coming Belg rainfall will have a probability of being late. This is attributed to the influence of weak La Nina that occurs when the Pacific Ocean around its equator gets hotter than normal affecting the entire climate of the world. In Ethiopia
4. Summary and Conclusions. This study comprehensively analyzed temporal variability and the monotonic trend of rainfall distribution in southern Ethiopia. The study area has two rainfall seasons, Kiremt and Belg. Kiremt is the main rainy season which accounts for 55% of the annual rainfall, and Belg contributes 32% Belg season crops in Ethiopia, to be harvested in une Jdue to desert locust presence, while in , Sudan harvest has completed for wheat crops and final yields were favourable. In the south of the region, the early onset of rains and above-average rainfall since February promoted land preparation and planting activities for the March to May season
According to the FEWSNET Ethiopia May food security update, low performance of the belg season rain (only 35 per cent of belg crops planted), escalated market prices of staple foods, pushing inflation up to 19.2 per cent in April During the Belg season, the most negative VCI slope values were identified in the capital city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa. Urban expansion due to higher population invasion and rapid socio-economic development in Addis Ababa and neighboring cities inevitably reduces natural vegetation and cropland areas [ 80 ] A study performed by Seleshi and Zanke indicated that for Belg (short rainy season) and Kiremt (longer wet season), studies on rainfall patterns in Ethiopia have been carried out at a range of spatial and temporal scales (Cheung et al., 2008) and found a decline in annual and Kiremt season rainfall in eastern, southern, and southwestern. The first two months of Belg season of this year revealed that the volume and distribution of rainfall had been normal and but diminished in some parts of the country beginning early March. South and South East, Central and North Eastern parts of the country had normal and above normal distribution and volume of rainfall last February, National.
Africa Communities in Ethiopia's Somali Region face chronic drought linked to climate change. This year the 'belg' rainy season once again failed to bring much needed relief to the drought-striken. Overview. Food security analysis for rural populations dependent on Belg pastoral and agro-pastoral areas, conducted in seven regions of Ethiopia, indicates that, despite ongoing Humanitarian Food Assistance (HFA), an estimated 8.5 million people (21% of the 41 million people analysed) are highly acute food insecure in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher between July and September 2020 A critical season has started for pastoralists and households relying on short rains (February-May) for crop production in the country. Hopper production poses a threat to pasture and crops planted during the belg season in southern Ethiopia and in the Somali region Net production in Ethiopia of the major crops . of . cereals, enset (also known as false banana, a root crop) pulses and milk . will . total at . least 5,385,0001 (counting all crops as nutritionally equivalent and computing milk supply in ters of cereal calorie . equivalents) by the end of the minor (Belg) season harvest. Thi
Addis Abeba, July 01/2021 - The shortage of belg season rains (April to June) due to late-onset and long dry spells has left communities in East and West Hararge Zones with no harvest and food products. The failure of the belg rains has also largely affected land preparation for the 2021/22 meher season (June-September), the UNOCHA said.. Currently, a significant increase of an estimated 40. .
Ethiopia's two grain growing seasons are belg and meher. In this way, how many farms are in Ethiopia? Ethiopia has about 51.3 million hectares of arable land. However, just over 20% is currently cultivated, mainly by the smallholders. Over 50% of all smallholder farmers operate on one (1) hectare or less. Smallholder producers, which are about. • The current growing season (May-October 2015) in East Africa (Sudan and Ethiopia region) which is ending now has developed under a strengthening El Nino event. • In Ethiopia, the Belg season (February to May) was affected by a severe drought resulting in poor crop and pasture production 'Belg' season is the main rainfall season yielding 100-200mm per month, followed by a lesser rainfall season in October to December called 'Bega' (around 100mm per month). The eastern most corner of Ethiopia receives very little rainfall at any time of year Ethiopia is a concern given the possibility of a poor Meher (main) season after a bad Belg season earlier in 2015. South Sudan may quickly escalate into a major concern depending on the rainfall pattern in the next couple of months-even a moderately drier than average season could create a major food security crisis given the current conflict Ethiopia lies in the eastern Horn of Africa covering about 1,221,900 sq. km. The ('belg') rain the water balance concept, the length of the growing season (including onset dates) at certain probability levels (NMSA, 1996). In this way three distinct zones can b
lean season in much of the country. The July and August Belg harvest this year was well below average. Based on the Central Statiscal Agency (CSA), Belg production was estimated at 45 percent and 26 percent lower compared to that of 2008, a year of relatively good Belg production, and the five-year average, respectively However, the below normal Belg season production, conflict and climate-induced displacement, high food prices, and the long dry spell in the northeastern pastoral areas will likely affect the food security situation resulting in about 6.7 million people expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse Ethiopia's crops for the Belg (rainy) season, which starts in mid-February, are at high risk due to the high number of swarms which may lead to egg laying and higher locust numbers during the crop, and high rains at the end of this month, and late March are also likely to make the situation more severe Various weather and climatic events can create persistent conditions that cause rivers to exceed their banks or short intense periods of out-of-season-rain that cause flash floods as Ethiopia has experienced in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2010. These are the main two culprits for disasters related to flooding in Ethiopia From meteorological point of view, there are three seasons in Ethiopia; Belg, Kiremt and Bega. Belg is a short rainy period from February to May over much of the Belg-growing areas, where as over the southwestern parts of the country it denotes the start of the long rainy season
In the Belg season, 2,017,077 ha of land is planned to be cultivated and currently, 1,934,177 ha is covered with seed. From these, 21 million quintals of grain yield is expected. Even though the major cropping season in Tigray is Mehere, the region could not cultivate the usual 11,000 hectares. 2021 Meher cropping season plan and achievement in. climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. Hydrologically, Ethiopia is classified into three main seasons; such as Bega from October to January, Belg from February to May, and Meher from June to September. Meher is the main rainy season when most of th
Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa.It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia has a high central plateau that varies from 1,290 to 3,000 m (4,232 to 9,843 ft) above sea level, with the highest mountain reaching 4,533 m (14,872 ft).. Elevation is generally highest just before the point of. For instance, across parts of the southern, southwestern, and southeastern Ethiopia, the Spring (locally 'Belg' season, March-May) and the Summer (locally 'Kiremt' season, June-September) rainfall has reportedly declined by 15-20 percent between the mid-1970s and late 2000s (USAID, 2012) First LEAP Analysis of Progress of Cropping season for Ethiopia in 2008 Date of compilation: April 29, 2008 As it is still early in the cropping season, a simple analysis of Cumulative Rainfall (1) and Planting Opportunities in the Belg Area (2) is performed using LEAP outputs. In both cases the analysis is based on RFE2 rainfal Mixed crop-livestock farming in Ethiopia is predominantly practiced in places located above 1,500 metres above mean sea level (msl) and the annual rainfall is higher than 700 mm. Crop production extends to altitudes up to 3,300 m msl. Most crops are sown during the main rainy season (meher) that occurs between June and October
68.3% during Belg and Bega season respectively. This result agrees with the finding of [20,21]. Both stations were experienced with bimodal rainfall pattern, where much of the rainfall concentrated in the main rainy season (June-September) and a small amount of rainfall occurred the second rainy season (February-May). Th The month of April in the belg season and the month of August in the meher season are the periods that have larger area coverage of higher frequency flood . In the Afar region, both seasons show an increase of intensity of flood from belg season to meher season. The majority of flood is under the slope of less than 2% A flood contingency plan, prepared by OCHA says that almost 500,000 people are likely to be affected by flooding during the Belg rainy season, with almost 200,000 expected to be displaced. Flood affected areas of Ethiopia, May 2016. Map: UNOCHA. See the full version of the flood contingency report here. Deadly Floods and Landslides in Sout .5% of the total annual rainfall. The downward shift in rainfall during the Belg season since 1997 has resulted in extreme drought and increased mortality rate of cattle by 49% in southern Ethiopia around the Bilate watershed . Because rainfall has a. Rain-fed agriculture is the most common farming strategy in rural Ethiopia. A short rainy period called Belg (February-May) is caused by easterly winds from the Indian Ocean and a longer rainy season (Kiremt) which occurs between July and October is the result when the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ) is located over the horn of Africa
3 The two main crop seasons in Ethiopia are the belg and meher seasons which receive rainfall from February to June and from June to October, respectively. The meher crop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation's total cereals output, and the belg harvest provides the remaining 5-10 percent of cereal output. For the. The first crop season, which depends heavily on the belg rains, goes by the same name, while the secondary crop season is referred to as the meher. For many parts of the country, the kiremt rains are most vital, accounting for 50-80 percent of annual rainfall in Ethiopia's major agricultural areas
About 10 percent of the Ethiopian population depends completely on this season to provide rainfall for crops and pastures. But in 2015, after a false start the Belg rains came a month late in northern and central Ethiopia. What also arrived was a particularly strong El Niño, associated with the warming of equatorial waters in the Pacific Ocean Changes in annual and Belg (March-May) and Kiremt (June to September) season rainfalls and rainy days have been analysed over the entire Ethiopia. Rainfall is characterized by high temporal variability with coefficient of variation (CV, %) varying from 9 to 30% in the annual, 9 to 69% during the Kiremt season and 15-55% during the Belg. The cessation dates of the Belg season have highest coefficient of variation over western, southwestern and west part of central Ethiopia. The dry spell analysis shows that eastern, southeastern, northeastern and northwestern Ethiopia have long dry spell lengths in the Belg season ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA:Despite enhanced rainfall in the second dekad of May 2019 over many areas of Ethiopia, due to the late starting, that below normal area-planted and suppressed crop growth in Belg-producing areas due to the below-average rainfall season will likely lead to Belg crop failure in East and West Hararghe. In other parts of.
The belg rainfall of present study showed a declining trend by a factor of -2.23 mm per year, but it does not show statistically significance trend in the time series (Table 4). Unlike this Funk et al. (2012) found declined belg and kiremt rain in parts of Ethiopia by 15-20 percent since the mid-1970s Mid_Belg_2021. Mid-Season. During the preceding two months of Belg 2021, the Belg rain benefiting areas of the nation received normal to tends to below normal rainfall. Due to late onset of seasonal rain and also unstable of seasonal rain in temporal and spatial across most portions of the belg rain benefiting regions The situation is only set to worsen, especially in the Somali region, hampered by climate shock after shock. According to a recent climate risk profile conducted by USAID, since the 1960s, Ethiopia has experienced more intense storms, more frequent and severe droughts, and belg season rains that are more unpredictable in timing
Understanding the characteristics and variability of Ethiopia's principal monsoon rainy season (Kiremt) and the early (Belg) rains is vital for ensuring the food supply and well-being of the nation which, unfortunately, has been ravaged by severe and recurrent drought for many years (Segele & Lamb 2005) from September 2010 and it is expected to linger during the Belg season of 2011. It has already caused a below normal rainfall condition in October and November 2010 in some pastoral areas of Ethiopia, leading to scarcity of water and pasture for livestock consumption. Moreover, in the Meher of 2010, yellow rust was reported in over 400,00
820-1300 mm. There are three rainfall seasons in Ethiopia and in the study area: Kiremt (summer), also called the main rain season (June, July, August, and September); Belg (Spring) season, also called the short rainy season (February, March, April, and May); and the Bega (dry) season (October, November, December and January) (Alemayehu & Published by. Farmers from Tera and Angolela district evaluating faba bean varieties put to a PVS trial under irrigation at Chacha, Ethiopia, during Belg season, 2015. As part of the ICARDA led project 'Narrowing the yield gaps of barley-faba bean based cropping systems through knowledge based pest management practices for improved food. Nuru Ethiopia Belg Season Planting in Photos: May 2014. The Nuru Ethiopia Agriculture Team is excited to share an update of the 2014 belg season planting through photographs. Nuru Ethiopia farmers hav Ethiopia, it benefited from a bimodal rainfall season with long periods during Belg and short rains from September to October . Data collection Retrospective record review of malaria data from district HOs and HCs over eight-year period (January 2012-De-cember 2019) in Gedeo zone, South Ethiopia, were ex-tracted
Princeton University Library One Washington Road Princeton, NJ 08544-2098 USA (609) 258-147 Ethiopia Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #14 FY2016. The USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) predicts that harvests from the February-to-June belg rainy season will be moderately below average due to the delayed start of the season and excessive rainfall and flooding in some areas. Belg assessment results, expected in the.